NATIONAL CENTER FOR WOMEN & POLICING, A Division of the Feminist Majority Foundation
Recruiting & Retaining Women
A Self-Assessment Guidefor Law Enforcement
Recruiting & Retaining Women:A Self-Assessment Guide for Law Enforcement was funded by a grant from the Bureau of Justice Assistance, Grant #99-LD-VX-0003.
Table of Contents
PrefaceHow This Self-Assessment Guide is Organized
National Center forWomen & Policing
•works to educate criminal justice policy makers, the media and the public about the impact of increasing the representation of women in policing; ensures that gender is included in the analysis of contemporary policing issues and reform efforts; and promotes initiatives aimed at gender balancing law enforcement agencies.
•produces and disseminates original research on issues relevant to women in the field of law enforcement. The NCWP’s publications and materials are the most authoritative available and in frequent demand by the news media and criminal justice policymakers and researchers.
•provides direct assistance, training, and extensive materials to law enforcement agencies seeking to increase the representation of women within their ranks. The NCWP sponsors an annual leadership development conference for command level women in local, state, and federal law enforcement.
How the Self-AssessmentGuide Was Developed
The National Center for Women & Policing received a grant from the U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Assistance to provide technical assistance to law enforcement agencies by developing a self-assessment guide to assist agencies seeking to recruit and retain more women in sworn law enforcement positions. An Advisory Board was established consisting of state, county and municipal law enforcement executives and members of other professional organizations representing law enforcement leaders and minority groups in law enforcement.
After a draft of the sections on job description, recruiting, selection, and mentoring weredeveloped and approved by the Advisory Board, they were sent for field testing to Captain Mike Prynch at the Boise, Idaho, Police Department and Colonel Richard Rappoport at the Fairfax County, Virginia, Police Department. Each department reviewed the sections and utilized the checklists to examine their own agency’s policies and procedures. Both departments provided valuable input regarding the content and format of the guide. Based on this input, the remaining sections of the guide were prepared and sent back to the participating agencies for review.
The members of the Advisory Board reviewed and provided detailed input on severaldrafts of the guide during its development.
TheNational Center for Women & Policing expresses its appreciation to Colonel J. Thomas Manger, Fairfax County, Virginia, Police Department and Chief Donald Pierce, Boise, Idaho, Police Department for agreeing to serve as test locations for the guide. Their cooperation and the input of their staff were vital to providing a valuable product for other law enforcement agencies.
Chief Penny E. Harrington, Director National Center for Women & Policing
Penny Harrington is the Director of the National Center for Women & Policing, a division of theFeminist Majority Foundation. Chief Harrington spent 23 years in the Portland, Oregon, Police Bureau, rising to the rank of Chief of Police. She was the first woman chief of a major U.S. city. After becoming chief, Harrington began the implementation of an agency-wide community policing program. Chief Harrington has been instrumental in opening the field of policing to women while being a mentor to women nationally. She was named Ms. Magazine’s Woman of the Year in 1986 and in 2000 was installed in the Michigan State University, School of Criminal Justice, Wall of Fame. After leaving Portland, Chief Harrington became the Assistant Director of Investigations for the State Bar of California. As Founding Director of the National Center for Women & Policing, Penny is considered the foremost expert on women in contemporary American policing in the U.S. She speaks, writes and conducts training about issues of gender in law enforcement and often serves as an expert witness in court cases about discrimination. Her autobiography, "Triumph of Spirit" chronicles her efforts to open policing to women.
Katherine Spillar, National CoordinatorFeminist Majority Foundation
Katherine Spillar is the National Coordinator of the Feminist Majority and Feminist Majority Foundation.She has been the driving force in executing the Foundation’s diverse programs securing women’s rights since its inception in 1987. A trained researcher and program manager, Ms. Spillar spearheaded the Feminist Majority’s initiatives to gender-balance the Los Angeles Police Department from 1991-94, and served as co-convenor of the Women’s Advisory Council to the LA Police Commission from 1992-93. In her capacity as National Coordinator, she oversees the activities of the National Center for Women & Policing.
Kimberly A. Lonsway, PhD, Research DirectorNational Center for Women & Policing
Dr. Lonsway is the Research Director for the National Center for Women & Policing. She conductsthe annual survey of the status of women in law enforcement along with other research initiatives of the NCWP. Dr. Lonsway was the project director on a grant from the Violence Against Women Office to develop a sexual assault curriculum for law enforcement on innovative methods of responding to cases of acquaintance rape. Dr. Lonsway is also teaches at California Polytechnic State University.
Asst. Chief Roberta Webber (Ret.)Portland Police Bureau
Asst. Chief Webber retired from the Portland Police Bureau in 1997 after nearly 26 years of service.She was the first female Commander, Deputy Chief, and Assistant Chief and the first woman to head the Operations Brach of the Police Bureau. In 1994, she was named one of Ten Outstanding Women in Oregon by the Women’s Foundation of Oregon.
Katherine A. (Kay) Baldwin U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division
Chief of the Employment Litigation Section of the Civil Rights Division at the U.S. Department ofJustice, Ms. Baldwin is also Chair of the Attorney General’s Advisory Committee on the Prevention of Sexual Harassment.
Alexandra Besser, Senior ResearcherNational Center for Women & Policing
Alexandra Besser received her Bachelors of Arts in Political Science from Barnard College, ColumbiaUniversity. Prior to joining the National Center for Women & Policing, Ms. Besser worked as a media researcher in Hong Kong and spent two years in Washington DC as a research associate for People for the American Way.
Steven Stanard, PhD, CEOStanard & Associates, Inc.
A nationally recognized expert in entry-level written and physical ability examinations, promotionalexaminations, fitness for duty assessments and recruitment, Dr. Stanard consults with more than 500 police departments across the U.S. and internationally.
Undersheriff Carol DalySacramento County Sheriff’s Department
Undersheriff Carol Daly is a 32-year veteran of the Sacramento Sheriff’s Department. She has heldassignments in every service area of the Department. Carol served as president of the Law Enforcement Chaplaincy Sacramento and is currently on the Board of Directors. She is also active with the Special Olympics and Habitat for Humanity charities.
Records Manager Debra HaugenPortland Police Bureau
Ms. Haugen has been with the Portland Police Bureau for 25 years and has served as Police RecordsManager for 8 years. She is involved in a variety of Bureau-wide issues including co-chairing The Taking Community Policing into the Next Century committee that was charged with creating the vision for the Bureau.
Chief Richard RappoportFairfax County Police Department, VA
Chief Rappoport has served with the Fairfax County Police Department for 24 years and wasformerly Deputy Chief of Police for Administration. He holds a Bachelors of Science degree in Justice from American University and is a graduate of the F.B.I. National Academy and the Southern Police Institute.
Captain Ronald Webber (Ret.)Portland Police Bureau
Captain Ronald Webber retired, after 27+ years, from the Portland Police Bureau. He is a graduateof the FBI National Academy and Webber has been involved in Community Policing program planning and implementation. His areas of expertise include Internal Investigations, Civilian Review Boards, and Training.
Chief Katherine BaldwinU.S. Department of Justice, Office of Civil Rights, Employment Litigation Section
Undersheriff Carol DalyNational Sheriff’s Association Sacramento County Sheriff’s Office, CA
Sylvester Daughtry, Executive DirectorCommission on Accreditation for Law Enforcement Agencies
John Firman, Research DirectorInternational Association of Chiefs of Police
Sheriff Margo FrasierTravis County Sheriff’s Office, TX
Commander Gary GeeAsian-American Commanding Officers’ Association Bay Area Rapid Transit Police, CA
Laura Goodman-Brown, Director, President, International Association of Women Police Minnesota Office of Crime Victims Ombudsman
U.S. Marshal Rosa MelendezHispanic American Police Commanding Officers’ Association U.S. Marshal’s Service
Chief Charles Moose, PhDMontgomery County Police Department, MD
Chief Annette SandbergWashington State Patrol
Katherine Spillar, National CoordinatorFeminist Majority Foundation
Steve Stanard, PhD, CEOStanard & Associates
Bob Stewart, Executive DirectorNational Organization of Black Law Enforcement Executives
Bureau of Justice Assistance, Department of Justice:
Luke Gallant, Senior Advisor for Law Enforcement
Jeannie Santos, Program ManagerNext